that is, for a term, what he has he may grant to another, saving to the termor his  term.>12<If one [who] has both rights, property and possession, grants both to another,  attaching this modus to his gift, that after a time the possession revert to him to  be held for life, he to have only the free tenement, the property remaining with the  donee, let the donor not enter at once, on that same day or the next,3 no matter for  what purpose, as for lodging there as a guest, or subsequently (that is, shortly thereafter)  for that of using4 as before, for by such action it is presumed that he never had  the intention of withdrawing from possession,5 since both must concur in a gift, that  is, that the donor relinquish possession animo as well as corpore.6 If he enters after a  long time, by virtue of the agreement, and is ejected [at once], contrary to the agreement,  he will have7 the assise for recovering [possession], based on the agreement.8 If  the other, the donee, brings the assise against him, he will have an exception founded  on the agreement. If he cannot enter he will have an action on the agreement. And so  if [he enters] after a time by force of an acknowledgment made in a court of the lord  king which bears record,9 provided that the acknowledgment or admission is true, for  an admission made in court must be true and consonant with the facts; [then] what  is done will be valid. [But] if the donor avows that the donee was in seisin at the time  the acknowledgment was made though he was not, the admission will not be valid,10  nor ought what follows to have any effect. 11In all the cases above, whenever the  donor enters, it is important [to see] whether he has changed his status completely,  or in part, or not at all, for if he has changed it completely, where what12 he  formerly used as lord he now uses as servant or paid assistant, that will not prejudice  the donee, for [if] the donor changes his status completely it would be most  inhuman if a son or friend should not receive him in his house, at least as a guest,  when he does not bear himself as before, or as lord. But if he has [not] changed his  status, completely or in part, [or] does not enter under an agreement or acknowledgment  [and] bears himself as lord,13 it will be another matter. 14But if he [enters] after  a very long time, that is ten years or more, a time which brings forgetfulness with  it,15 how he then uses, as lord or otherwise, will not prejudice the donee because of  the time that has elapsed.>16
If a gift is made for homage and service or for service alone.
 17We have said above18 that a gift is made to someone either for a past causa,  because he has long served, or a present, because he is serving well, or for a future,  because he will serve well, [the recompense [for such gift] may be called a gift of the  future service,19 and just as the thing given must be certain, so the services given  for it must be certain,]20 as where a gift is made21 for both homage and service,22