either the assise or the action by writ of right by an exception, namely, that the  eldest cannot at the same time be both heir and lord.
Nearer heirs may be many as well as one.
 Just as there may be one nearer heir there may be several to whom the right descends  as to a single heir, because of the unitary nature of the right, as the several daughters  of the father or mother from whom1 the inheritance descends, [whether they are of  the father and the same mother [or of the mother and the same father] or different  ones.]2[It does not matter whether they have the same father and the same mother  or different ones, provided a distinction is made, as was said above, between a  descending inheritance and an acquisition.]3 where, since there is no male heir, all are  together heirs to the undivided whole,4 and the inheritance, in everything that admits  of division, must be divided in equal portions5 among them, by reason of the persons  who inherit, not because of the thing inherited. 6[How they must do their homages,  by whom and when, and to whom they must achieve, will be explained more fully  below [in the portion] on homages.]7 Several males may be nearer heirs in an  inheritance just as may several females, not because of their persons but because  of the thing, nor are they all heirs together to the undivided whole, that is parceners,  as female heirs are, taking as a single heir, but several heirs, [each] taking a portion.  For there are heirs and co-heirs, and of co-heirs some are parceners and some are  not, that is, taking no portion with their co-heirs.8 Several female heirs who are  parceners may be [nearer heirs] both by reason of their persons and the thing, as  where one holds partible land hereditarily and has several daughters who are his  heirs; they will thus be nearer heirs because they are parceners and because they  are co-heirs capable of inheriting. [Some of the female heirs who are parceners  may be nearer heirs and others not]. For a father may have several daughters by  one mother and several by another, and if with respect to the descending paternal  inheritance all are parceners and able to inherit, they will not [all] be such as to an  acquisition made by a brother or sister born9 of the same mother. The daughters  born of the same mother will be nearer heirs, parceners10 and capable of inheriting  the acquisition of the brother or sister, because of the [whole] blood;11 those [male  or female] of the other mother will be near and right heirs, [but] never parceners  able to inherit during the lifetime [of their half-sisters], only after their death.  12Those are called nearer heirs to whom the proprietary right descends by hereditary  right. If by reason of an agreement or a condition, tacit or express, or of necessity,  for failure of heirs or