If a mesne lord when he has received service from his tenant does not acquit him against the superior lord.
 When one has taken the homage, or the oath of fealty, of his tenant and his service,  and, though he is mesne, does not acquit him against the superior lord but puts  the whole into his own purse,1 [the tenant], if this is proved and attested before  worthy and lawful men, may, without acting contrary to law, acquit himself by  his own hand and do his service to the chief lord. The mesne lord, because of the  bond of homage, will nevertheless be bound to warrant.2
Of those who are bound to an oath of fealty.
 We have explained above how homage must be done. [Now we must speak] of those  who are bound to an oath of fealty, as those who hold in free socage or for life in some  way.3 How they ought to do fealty and4 to whom, may be drawn well enough from  what has been said.5
Of the giving of reliefs.
 6When homages and oaths of fealty have been taken from those of full age, the  tenement which was in the hands of their ancestors, and the inheritance which  lies vacant by their decease, is raised again in the hands of the heirs, and because  of such relevatio a certain payment must be made by7 heirs which is called a relief,8  [from military fees and serjeanties and other [tenements] from which homage is  done and royal service; from socages, from which de jure no homage ought to be  done9 a payment is made which is not called a relief10 but is a kind of relief, like a  heriot,11 [given], so to speak, in place of a relief, which ought sometimes to be given  before the oath of fealty, sometimes after it.]12 Thus we must first see how much a  reasonable relief is, who ought to give a relief, to whom it is to be given, how often  and when. And first of the military fee.
What a reasonable relief is.
 How much the ancient reasonable relief of a military fee is is made clear in the charter  of liberties, that is, 13for the whole barony of an earl a hundred pounds are to be  given for relief by the earl's heir; by the heir of a baron for a whole barony one  hundred marks;14 by the heir of a knight for a whole knight's fee a hundred  shillings at most, and whoever owes less let him give less, according as he holds