meadows, woods, pastures and all other benefits, except parks and game preserves,  of which she will take nothing.1 She will receive nothing more of fish and wild  beasts in parks than of animals and sheep in sheepfolds, with this exception, that if  there are fish-ponds there, the benefits of which depend upon the snares of fortune,  she will receive a third part of such benefit,2 as3 the third fish or the third cast of  the net,4 depending on what is agreed. There must also be assigned her a third part  of the villeinage, which is so to speak demesne;5 also a third part of the services of the  free men (saving the homages to the chief lords)6 from whom she will have7  wardships, reliefs and the marriages of heirs.8 Also escheats, whether they occur  through failure of heirs or because of felony, but only for life, for after her death  they belong to the heir. And generally, all benefits arising from the dower will  belong to the wife as long as she lives,9 unless a special custom10 cuts this term  short.11
That dower ought to be free.
 Dower, once assigned, ought to be free.12 The wife should contribute nothing of  her dower toward paying the debts of her husband,13 for if the peculium of the  husband does not suffice to meet his debts, whatever is still to be paid will be a  burden on the heir and the inheritance.14 The heir is bound to defend and warrant  her dower and to attend the county, hundred and seignorial courts for her. For she  herself ought to attend to nothing except the care of her house and the rearing and  education of her children if any. She ought to have her own court for the determination  of all pleas that belong to her. But pleas by writ of right ought to be pleaded  and determined in the court of the heir, the warrantor of her dower, because of  the bond of homage which is not dissolved between her free tenants and the  warrantor of her dower,15 and because she may not hold a plea on the right since  she has only a free tenement. Nor do the pleas that belong to the crown, for the  preservation of justice and the peace of the lord king, belong to her, for no one may  hold such pleas unless the right has been specially granted him16 as a justice of the  lord king,17 that is, a plea by writ of right, the view of frankpledge, a plea de  vetito namii, if a thief is to be judged, or if there is an offence against the assises of  the lord king;18 pleas of this kind do not belong to dower. Other pleas, which belong  to the lord of an estate, she may hold in her court.