on the day our sheriff aforesaid shall make known to you, to take the aforesaid  inquest with the aforesaid B. and the sheriff aforesaid, so that we may deservedly  commend your diligence and judicious conduct. In testimony whereof etc. Witness  etc. And let another similar writ close issue to his colleague and also a writ close  to the sheriff in this form.
Writ close to the sheriff on the same matter.
 The king to the sheriff, greeting. We order you to go, taking with you our trusty  and well-beloved A. and B. whom we have appointed our justices in this matter,  to such a place, and there, before yourself and our justices aforesaid, to cause  twenty-four of the more law-worthy and prudent knights of your shire to appear,  through whom the truth of the matter etc. and who are in no way related to the  aforesaid C. and D. (or who are not in some way essoinable) to recognise upon  their oath whether the aforesaid D.1 robbed the aforesaid C. (or did him some other  harm) in breach of our peace (stated in such a way that all may proceed in accordance  with the plaintiff's complaint. And then as follows) And cause that inquest  (or the inquest that you then make) to come before us (or to be made known to  us) on such a day (or without delay). And make known to the aforesaid D.2  the day on which you wish to make that inquest, that he may be forewarned in  due season and that the aforesaid inquest may proceed in the presence of both  parties if they wish to be present. And so conduct yourself in this matter etc.  Witness etc. Infinite are the occasions and the forms by which justices are  appointed, as may be seen below in many places. But let what we have said suffice  for the present by way of example.
On the arrival of the justices
[ad omnia placita]; their duty.  On the arrival of the justices ad omnia placita it is their duty, by virtue of the  jurisdiction delegated to them, to hear the plaints and claims of all, that justice  may be done to each and each receive his due.3
 If one believes that he has a claim he must proceed by actions,5 for no one can  prosecute a claim without an action.67[[that is], without a writ8 or9libellus conventionalis,10  for no one, unless he willingly does so of his own accord, will answer  for his free tenement or its appurtenances11 without a writ. Which, if he be  wrongfully constrained to do, he is aided by a writ of the lord king directed to  the sheriff in this form.
Writ that no one be impleaded without the writ and order of the lord king.
 The king to the sheriff, greeting. We order you not to implead (or allow to be impleaded)  such a one with respect to his free tenement in such a vill without our special
10. Tancred, 164: Libellus alius dicitur accusationis ... qui datur in causis criminalibus, alius conventionalis, qui datur in causis civilibus ...; Drogheda, 197; infra 318: sine brevi sive libello; iv, 179: Si autem nihil sit quod excipi possit tunc videndum an libellus conventionalis, breve scilicet, conveniens sit actioni ...; cf. Selden Soc. vol. 60, lx-lxii; Traditio vi, 73-75
11. Cf. Richardson in Traditio, vi, 75; Bracton, 29