themselves in some dispute and one of them is slain; [if] it does not appear by whom  nor by whose blow it was done all may be called homicides, those who struck,31  those who with evil intent held while he was struck,3233and those who came with  the intention of slaying though they struck no blow. Also those who neither slew  nor had any intention of slaying but came to lend counsel and aid to the slayers,  sometimes even though their [the slayers'] violence is repulsed.34 Not only is he  who strikes and slays liable, but he who orders him to strike and slay, 35for since  they are not free of guilt, they ought not to be free of punishment; nor ought he  to be free who, though he could rescue a man from death, failed to do so.36 Homicide  also occurs in war, and we must then ascertain whether the war is just or  unjust. 37If it is unjust he who kills will be liable; if just, as a war in defence of the  patria, he will not, unless he acts with evil intent.38
Of the office of coroners.
 [Wherever men are found dead, which may] sometimes be in the houses of a town, or  the streets, sometimes outside the town in fields or woods, [or when a homicide  occurs,] it is the business of the coroners to make diligent inquiry with respect to  such [and if they have been slain, as to the slayer, when he is unknown,]39 and therefore,  40as soon as they have their order from the bailiff of the lord king or from the  responsible men of the district, they ought to go [to those who have been slain or  wounded or drowned or have met untimely deaths, [or] to where there has been housebreaking  [or] where it is reported that treasure41 has been found,] at once and without  delay to the place where the dead man has been found,42 and on their arrival  there to order four, five or six of the neighbouring vills to come before them at once  and by their oath hold an inquest. When they are required [to hold an inquest] on a  slain man, [they must enquire],43
Of inquests: where he was slain.
 first of all, where he was slain, in a house or in the fields. [If in a house or] at a wake,44  or in a tavern or at a gathering of some sort, they must then enquire who were then  present, and which of them, man or woman, adult or child, were in any way the  cause of that deed, and which of those were guilty as principals and which as  accessories, counsellors or instigators.45 A careful inquiry having been made, let as  many as