for waif is that which no one claims, nor will the prince claim her or protect her  when she has been properly waived, any more than he will a male who has been  properly outlawed according to the law of the land. Henceforth they bear the wolf's  head1 and in consequence perish without judicial inquiry; they carry their judgment  with them and they deservedly perish without law who have refused to live  according to law.2 This is so if they take to flight or resist when they are to be  arrested; if they are arrested alive or give themselves up, their life and death will  be in the hands of the lord king.3
How one ought to prosecute; at how many county courts.
 We must see how one ought to prosecute and within what period of time. It is  clear that at the suit and appeal of one who ought to and may prosecute the  appellee ought to be exacted at four meetings of the county court, from one to the  next, until he is outlawed, subject, however, to this rule, that only a simple summons  be made at the first county court, nor will that first court be reckoned as part  of the period required for outlawry nor as one of the four, for five must always  pass before one is outlawed.4 Accordingly, up5 to the fourth county court, which in  truth may be called the fifth, [in which no essoin is allowed, nor is he to be heard who  wishes to act as surety for the appellee's appearance at another county court,6 for the  time of outlawry could thus be extended ad infinitum, which ought not to be, as  Martin of Pateshull told Richard Duket when he was at Walsingham in the county  of Norfolk.7 But at earlier county courts the appellee may well be mainprised,  provided each county court is counted as one of the five,]
When one has been exacted he may surrender himself to prison before outlawry and answer appellors and except against the appeal.
 8an appellee may by himself, or if he wishes, through friends, surrender himself to  prison or make his defence and establish his innocence; after that time, no matter  how he has been outlawed, he can only return by grace of the prince. If he returns  within that time, as aforesaid, and successfully makes his defence he will be restored  to everything [that is,9 to the peace and his inheritance] except his chattels, because  of his flight.10 But what if he who sues has not properly brought his suit, as where he  has not immediately raised the hue, though he could, nor sued to the neighbouring  vills, nor to the king's bailiff, the coroners or to the first county court as he ought, and  afterwards
1. Leg. Edw. Confess. 6.2a: Liebermann, i, 631; infra 362