will be explained more fully below [in the portion] on wardship in chivalry and in  socage)44 and some subject to neither right, as those of full age.45 In what ways  the tutelage of lords and the cura of friends and kinsmen are ended will be explained  more fully below.46 Some are under the rod, as wives etc.47
Bondsmen are under the potestas of their lords.
 48Bondsmen are under the potestas of their lords as long as they dwell in the villein  tenement, levant and couchant, whether they hold land or not. Nor is seignorial  potestas dissolved49 though they do not dwell there but travel through the country,  going and returning. [As long as they return they always remain under the potestas  of their lords; when they cease to have the habit of returning they begin to be fugitives,  as in the case of domesticated animals.50 And so if, when they are travelers, as  merchants and soldiers, they pay chevage51 at certain times in recognition52 of their  subjection and the diminution53 of their capacity: as long as they pay it they are  said to be within the potestas of their lords; when they cease to pay they become  fugitives.] Nor is seignorial potestas extinguished54 at once55 [if they take to flight],  [If they take to flight in one of the aforesaid ways they must be pursued quickly,  within three or four days, until they have been taken and brought back, nor ought  anyone, no matter where they are found, to hinder [such lords] by reason of any  liberty or privilege.] because a lord always retains the ownership of his bondsmen  until he loses it by negligence or by violent and unlawful resistance which he who  pursues cannot overcome. He must then have recourse to a superior,56 that he may  claim by writ, unless the fugitive returns to his villeinage within the year and is  apprehended and held by his lord, which the lord may lawfully do, for until a year  is over no one may have the privilege of a fugitive.57 Nor may one have it [after the  year] if within the year the lord puts forward his claim in some way, for if the  fugitive then returns, though the year has run, he may be retained lawfully, nor does  time run against the lord, since by putting forward his claim the matter is made  litigious and his action is thereby perpetuated for the future and the privilege  destroyed. But if the lord is negligent in suing and putting forward his claim, no  matter in what way, and the fugitive returns after the year, it will not be lawful for  the lord [to retain him] nor to lay a safe hand upon him, for after a year the fugitive  may have the privilege and may defend himself in his free status by an exception.  Thus