no essoin for an appellee is admissible at the fourth county court, nor ought one  wishing to mainprise him to a later county court be heard,1 unless it be by mandate  of the lord king, which would be arbitrary rather than just.]
The accessory is not to be exacted until the principal is convicted.
 2[The accessory is not to be exacted until the principal is convicted, since if he [the  principal] were present, he [the accessory] would not be bound to answer before such  conviction,3 [and because] no presumption militates against him. That is why presence  excuses him though4 flight would establish a presumption.]5but he is to be  released on finding pledges,6 as he ought to be if both were present. Where the principal  is irreplegiable the accessory may be released on finding pledges or bail7 until  the principal has successfully made his defence or failed to do so, because where  there is a principal there may sometimes be an accessory, but there can never be an  accessory without a principal,8 because where the principal thing does not exist  things consequent upon it ought not be considered, as may be said of instructions,  conspiracy and counsel,9 [which] [though they may exist even without an act and  are sometimes punished] [are punished] if an act follows, not if there is none,10  in accordance with the saying what harm was there in the attempt when the wrongful  act produced no effect?11 Nor ought instructions, conspiracy and counsel to be  prejudicial unless an act follows.12
When both are present and the principal has been convicted, how proceedings are to be taken against the accessory.
 When both are present and the principal has been convicted, the accessory, though  present, [whether present or absent,]13 is not to be convicted on that account,  but let him plead14 his cause and make his defence, since he may have his independent  defences and there may be a principal without an accessory. How each ought  to make his defence will be explained more fully below [in the portion] on appeals.15
What an outlaw forfeits by outlawry.
 When one has thus been outlawed, properly and according to the law of the land,  we must see what he forfeits by the outlawry, when having been summoned for  the fourth time he has failed to appear. It is clear that he first forfeits the country  and the realm and is made an exile, such as the English call an outlaw;16 in  ancient times he used to be called by another name, that is, friendless man,17  from which it is apparent that he forfeits his friends. Hence if anyone wittingly  feeds him after his outlawry and expulsion,18 or harbours him or communicates  with him in some way or hides or keeps19 him, he ought to receive the same  punishment as the outlaw,