sues an appeal on the death of her husband; she is not bound to fight the duel  because of her sex and therefore the appellee is compelled to defend himself by the  country. The same is true, that the appeal falls because of the feminine sex, in an  appeal of rape.1
One is protected from an appeal on account of mayhem.
 Similarly one has of necessity to make his defence by the country because of the  physical infirmity of the appellor, that is, because of mayhem.2 Also because of age,  as where the appellor3 is beyond the age limit, that is, sixty years of age; [where  the appellee is beyond the age limit] he there has the choice of defending himself  by his body or by the country 4<as [in the roll] of the last eyre of Martin of Pateshull  in the county of Lincoln in the tenth year of king Henry, among the pleas of the  crown, [the case] of Gilbert son of Archard and Alan Swade, who was beyond the  age limit.>5 Thus it is clear that one is bound to make his defence by the country  because of the royal dignity and the antecedent presumption [raised by the  appeal], because of the appellor's sex, because of mayhem, or because of the  appellor's age. 6But when the king, to preserve his peace, brings suit against an  appellee who is present and he is found guilty by the inquest on which he has put  himself, voluntarily or under compulsion, we must see what punishment he ought  to suffer, since there are some who say that it is a pecuniary penalty, others that  it is capital punishment,
Where a woman is ravished by force.
 as where a woman ravished by force has lost her virginity and when she fails in  her appeal the appellee [indicted at the king's suit]7 puts himself on the country,  by which he is found guilty; he will be condemned as though the appeal has  proceeded, as [in the roll] of Michaelmas term in the sixth and the beginning of  the seventh years of king Henry.8
Of those indicated by popular rumour
[and] suspicion.  We have spoken above9 of the accuser who appears and prosecutes and makes his  appeal and of the king's suit when the appeal falls, We must now speak of those  indicted by popular rumour, [From rumour suspicion arises, and from rumour and  suspicion a strong presumption, which must stand until the man indicted has  purged himself of such suspicion, since10 it admits of proof to the contrary, that is,  purgation.][Suspicion may be of many kinds. It arises when rumour originates  among good and responsible men.11 Also from a precedent act, which must also  stand until the contrary is proved, as where one appealed by an approver flees  because of the appeal and returns after the death of the approver,12 [or] where one  appealed of homicide or other felony