put forward by his procurator at the outset of the appeal, that the principal himself  will sue if he can.] We must also see in what part of the body the wound was  made and with what weapons,1 whether with arms having ground blades [or] a  club or a stone. Though clubs and stones are included in the term weapons,2  sharpened weapons, as a sword, a two-edged axe and the like, cause a wound, but  clubs and stones cause bruises and contusions3 which cannot be deemed wounds  in the sense that the matter may be brought to the duel.4
But what is to be said of one who castrates another.
 But what is to be said where a man cuts off another's testicles 5and castrates him  on account of debauchery or in order to sell him.6 He is liable whether he does it  with his consent or against his will. 7Sometimes capital punishment follows, sometimes  permanent exile with the forfeiture of all property.89If anyone forcibly  interferes with a woman's internal organs in order to produce abortion, he is  liable.1011If anyone slays a night thief, he will do so with impunity only if he  could not spare him without danger to himself;12 if he could it will be otherwise.13  For the life and death of men are in the hands of the king,1415<as in the case  of a certain man of Cookham coram rege at Windsor before William of Ralegh,  then justice, to whom the king granted a pardon for a death in such circumstances.>16  And so where one defends himself against hamsocn, which [the English  call] the entering of a house in breach of the peace,17 and the intruder is slain, he  will be free of liability18 if he who killed19 could defend himself in no other way.20  For it is said that he is unworthy of the peace who is unwilling to preserve it. 21The  jews are allowed to circumcise their sons but those of other religions are not; if they  do so the punishment for castration is imposed.22
An appeal of wounding and mayhem.
 We have spoken above of breach of the peace and wounding. Now we must turn  to wounding and mayhem. The words of the appeal are these: A. appeals B. for  that whereas he was in the king's peace in such a place on such a day, hour and  year etc. (as above)23 the said B. came with his force [etc.] (as above)23  feloniously and in a premeditated assault, and dealt him a certain wound on the  head (or on the arm or in another part of the body) in such a way that he was  maimed. And that he did this wickedly and feloniously he offers to deraign against  him as a maimed man, as the king's court may decide.
B. makes denial.
 And B. comes and denies everything, word for word etc. (as above).23