1because no one may judge as to that except the king.2 Justice belongs to no one  except the king,3 nor does imprisonment,4 nor will anyone have his court thereof  unless he enjoys a special liberty from the king himself.]5 as will be explained more  fully below [in the portion on] personal civil actions arising out of delict.6
Of the criminal action of breach of the peace and robbery, and of appeals.
 We have spoken above of the criminal action which arises from breach of the peace  and imprisonment.7 Now we must speak [of that] which arises from breach of the  peace and robbery. The words of the appeal are these: A. appeals B. for that  whereas he was in the king's peace at such a place on such a day etc. (as above)8  the said B. came with his force and wickedly and feloniously and against the king's  peace and in robbery took from him a hundred shillings and three pence, one horse  valued at so much and one robe of green cloth valued at so much (thus he may in  his appeal name several things of different kinds, provided he puts a definite value  [upon each] and designates a thing certain, [in] quality, quantity, value, weight and  number, colour and coat, as briefly mentioned above).9 And that he did this wickedly  and feloniously he offers to prove against him by his body as the court may  award etc. Sometimes wounding, mayhem and imprisonment are added to this  appeal, or some of them, of which we have spoken above,10 according to the different  kinds of appeals.
B. makes his denial.
 And B. comes and denies breach of the peace and felony [etc.] and everything,  word for word as it is alleged against him etc. (as above).11 And he prays that such a  thing and such other thing be allowed on his behalf. He may put forward the  exceptions applicable generally to all appeals, for their avoidance. If there is  nothing that may avoid the appeal let him then defend himself by his body or by  the country, since as to this he has his choice, and according as he has or has not  successfully made his defence let proceedings be taken against those appealed as  accessories and instigators, as was touched upon above.12
Where one appeals another of a third person's goods.
 Sometimes one appeals another of goods belonging to someone other than himself,