The words of the appeal of a woman complaining of rape.
 A., such a woman, appeals B. for that whereas she was at such a place on such a  day in such a year etc. (as above)1 (or when she was going from such a place to  such, or at such a place, doing such a thing) the said B. came with his force and  wickedly and against the king's peace lay with her and took from her her maidenhood  (or virginity) and kept her with him for so many nights (and let her thus  set out all the facts and the truth). And that he did this wickedly and feloniously  she offers to prove against him as the king's court may award.
The appellee's denial.
 And B. comes and denies the felony and the breach of the peace and the rape and  everything, word for word, as the king's court may award. He must of necessity  defend himself by the country, because of the unavailability of any other method  of proof, because of the woman's sex,2 unless there are exceptions available to him  by which he may avoid the appeal.
Of exceptions against the appeal.
 For he may except against it that suit was not adequately made, as in other  appeals, [or] that he did not deprive her of her maidenhood since she is still a  virgin. In that case let the truth be ascertained by an examination of her body,  made by four law-abiding women sworn to tell the truth as to whether she is a  virgin or defiled. If they say that she is a virgin, the appellee will depart quit of  that appeal and the woman be placed in custody; if they find that she has been  defiled, inquiry must then be made as to the guilty party, whether by the appellee  or another, but not by the said women but by the country. On this matter may be  found in the last eyre of Martin of Pateshull in the county of Norfolk in the twelfth  year of king Henry, [the case] of Levina daughter of Ralph of Sheringes.3 He may  also except against her and say that he had her as his concubine and amica before  the day and year mentioned in the appeal and put himself on the country with respect  thereto, [or] that he had her and defiled her with her consent and not against  her will, and that if she now appeals him it is in hatred of another woman whom  he has as his concubine, or whom he has married, and at the instigation of one of  her kinsmen. He may also except that on the year