the person of the king and his crown,1 and therefore the coroners ought to enroll  the said plaint or appeal, the year and the day and place and all the words of  the appeal in order, and all the circumstances, (as above [in the portion] on  appeals)2 pending the coming of the justices. If only the sheriff's peace is invoked,  there will there be no loss of life or members by those convicted but a  pecuniary penalty follows.3 The sheriff may [also] hold4 pleas not by virtue of his  office as sheriff but in the king's place, because of necessity, not as sheriff but as  the king's justice,5 where it is specially required of him that he take a jury and  make inquests, extents and partitions, though in some instances he cannot render  judgment. When he receives instructions to justice someone his authority issues  from the special command of the king, not from his office as sheriff, and there it  is evident that he ought to have the full authority of a justice, without which the said  plea cannot be determined. It is also as a justice and not by virtue of his office  as sheriff that he has cognisance of beasts taken and detained against gage and  pledges, a plea that belongs to the crown and is of necessity granted to him to  determine for a reason to be explained below.6 He also has cognisance of the  assises established and sworn throughout the realm, as the assises of bread and  beer and false measures, which are the concern of the crown,7 in order to ascertain  whether they have been kept or not, as to which he and the coroners may make  attachments until the coming of the justices. The view of frankpledge also belongs  to the sheriff, to be made in his two turns each year through the hundreds and  wapentakes. We therefore must see how the turns ought to be made.8
Of minor and less serious crimes sued civilly.
 We have spoken above of the major crimes and of appeals which are sued criminally  and sometimes lead to the supreme penalty, sometimes to the loss of members,  sometimes to exile, permanent or temporary.9 Now we must speak of the  minor and less serious crimes which are sued civilly,10 as the personal actiones  iniuriarum, which belong to the crown11 since they are [sometimes] committed  against the peace of the lord king. We must therefore see what an injuria is. It is  anything done wrongfully.12 Hence, [as] briefly explained above,13 if one is slain we  must see whether he is wrongfully slain. [He is slain wrongfully] who is slain without  right.14