an injuria may be slight or grievous.23In assessing damages, it is adjudged grievous  from the deed itself, as where one has been badly wounded, beaten and mistreated in  breach of the peace. Or from the place where it was committed,4 in the king's court  or a seignorial court, before the justices or in the county court before the sheriff, 5 in  a theatre, at a fair, or in a market place, or elsewhere in the presence of many people.6  7Or from the position of the wound, as where it is on the forehead or in the eye8  rather than in a hidden part. Or from the status of the 9person concerned, as where  an injuria is done to magistrates or bailiffs, to parents or patrons.1011Not only is  he who committed the wrong, that is, who struck the blow, liable in an actio  iniuriarum but he who maliciously aided or abetted or caused another to be struck.12
An injuria may be annulled by dissimulation.
 13This action is lost by dissimulation. Thus if a man suffers an injuria and lets it  slip from his mind at once he cannot subsequently regret his decision and recall it  to mind in order to have it punished.14
 The detention of a pledge taken by way of distress is a matter belonging to the  crown of the lord king and scarcely anyone is allowed to determine it save the  king himself or his justices. But since the said plea brooks no delay because of the  animals involved and the loss which might occur if they were long kept shut up,  until the plea of replevin had been determined, the sheriff is of necessity permitted  to determine a plea of this kind, not by virtue of his office as sheriff but as a justice  of the lord king.1516<For the same reason no one may claim a liberty of this kind as  belonging to him de jure, only as a justice of the lord king and by his special grant;17  unless he has such he cannot protect himself by the exception of long use.18 When one  has such a liberty, it is of [no] importance, in connexion with whether he may have  his court as to such plea if he claims it, that the beasts have been released by the  king's writ on complaint made to the king or without the king's writ on complaint  made directly to the sheriff, since he has not been negligent in the dispensation of  justice.> Everything that may occur in connexion with this plea lies in and turns  on two points, namely the seizure and the detainer against gage and pledges.  Every seizure is either lawful or unlawful. If lawful, as where it is for service withheld  by one who acknowledges that service, he who distrains may admit the taking,