of the king and may not be transferred to anyone except as a justice1 of the lord  king, as the view of frankpledge, the plea de vetito namii, the amendment of breaches  of the assises, the trial of thieves, as in the case of those who have soke and sake,2  and the like, all of which pertain to the peace and consequently to the crown.3 A  thing given in free alms may also be called quasi-sacred, for there are gifts in free  alms and alms more completely free, as may be found below [in the portion] on  assises.4
What the requirements of a valid gift are.
 We must see what the requirements of a valid and effective gift are. It must be  complete and absolute, free and uncoerced, extorted neither by fear nor through  force.5 Let money or service play no part, lest it fall into the category of purchase  and sale, for if money is involved there will then be a sale, and if service, the  remuneration for it. If a gift is to be valid the donor must be of full age, for if a  minor makes a gift it will be ineffective since (if he so wishes) it shall be returned  to him in its entirety when he reaches full age.6 Also let the donor hold in his own  name and not another's, otherwise his gift may be revoked.7 And let him, at the  least, be of sound mind and good memory, though an invalid, ill and on his death  bed, for a gift made under such conditions will be good if all the other [requirements]  of a valid gift are met. For no one, provided he is of good memory, ought to  be kept from the administration or disposition of his own property when affected  by infirmity, since it is only then that he must make provision for his family, his  household and relations, give stipends and settle his bequests; otherwise such  persons might suffer damage without fault.8 But since charters are sometimes  fraudulently drawn and gifts falsely taken to be made when they are not, recourse  must therefore be had to the country and the neighbourhood so that the truth9  may be declared. For an inquest may be varied in many ways to suit the diversity  of complaints, for example, let it be made by these words.
Writ directed to the sheriff to inquire into a donor's condition at the time of his gift.
 The king to the sheriff, greeting. We order you to go in your own person, taking  with you the keepers of the pleas of our crown and in addition twelve lawful and  discreet knights of your county of such a neighbourhood, to such a place and to  diligently inquire by their oaths if such a one etc. Or in another way: We order  you to cause to come before you and before the keepers of the pleas