all forms of writ for giving seisin may be included in one writ, as will be explained  below by examples.1
Of a tenant in dower who presents a clerk to a church.
 2[Suppose] a woman having dower and the advowson presents a clerk, who is admitted  on her presentation, and the heir and warrantor of her dower afterwards gives  or sells that advowson to another, and, the church once more falling vacant in her  lifetime, she confers it a second time; despite the gift made by the heir, by force of  her presentation she transmits seisin of the right to present to her warrantor and his  heirs, and thus the charter [made by the heir] will be void and the gift a nullity, since  the donee cannot allege seisin of any kind. [Suppose] one answers3 against the assise  in this way, that he who brings the assise cannot present because of his gift and subsequent  charter, as was said above.4 If the charter cannot be denied the assise falls and  the tenant will retain his seisin, since he is in quasi-possession after the gift made and  the charter drawn.5 If [the charter] is completely denied, it must be proved by the  witnesses named in it and by honest and lawful men of the neighbourhood, and once  proved, his [the tenant's] presentation may not be further impeded. Incorporeal  things, which do not admit of livery, are not like corporeal things, where the gift is  void 6 though charters are made and homages taken,7 unless livery and physical occupation  follow, as above.8 If the donor acknowledges the charter and says that he  presented subsequently, he will have to show that by the assise; it will not be established  by his unsupported word alone,9 nor even by a presumption, though he produces  letters of the ordinary indicating that he has admitted a clerk on his presentation,  nor will be necessary to proceed to the assise on the donor's seisin, because by  granting the charter he put himself out of seisin,10 since he cannot show anything of  seisin after the making of the charter. If one who holds for life, by the law of England  or in some other way, with the advowson, once confers the church and then gives the  advowson to another, to a bishop, for example, who creates a prebend, and his heir  after his death arraigns an assise of darrein presentment, if he admits the presentation  and gift of him who held for life his assise falls, not only because of the donor's seisin,  of some kind and to some degree,11 but also because the church is not vacant; no  remedy is available to him except on the right by writ of right.12 On this matter may  be found [in the roll] of Michaelmas term in the sixth and the beginning of the seventh  years of king Henry, near the beginning13 of the roll.14 To ascertain who