or assise is threefold.12<And its punishment multifold, as below [in the portion on]  the restoration of damages.>3 It is personal because it pursues him who committed  the disseisin, because of the act, because he did it; it also pursues him for a penalty,  because of the injuria; it also pursues the thing, with respect to restitution, and in  this respect is recuperatory. It sometimes pursues one person as to all of these, sometimes  two or several, according as the two or several are [or are not] principal disseisors,  [that is], according as the thing has come to them by the disseisin itself or after  it, by transfer, immediately or after a time.4 It sometimes pursues one person as to  the penalty, because of the act and the injuria, another as to restitution, since he  detains the thing, neither of whom may answer without the other, because the disseisor  has nothing to restore, though he is subject to the penalty, nor, though he is able  to restore, has the detainor committed any injuria.5 The two, therefore, having been  joined, let the matter then first proceed by the assise, not otherwise. It sometimes  pursues several with respect to the penalty and restitution, according as the thing  has gone through several hands [immediately]6 after the disseisin, or has been divided  and partitioned among several heads at the time of the disseisin. By this assise not  only is the corporeal thing seized recovered, but also all the fruits taken in the meantime.7  And not only the thing itself but peace and quiet within it.8 And not only peace  and quiet within one's own property, but freedom and the removal of a disturbance  [in another's], of which mention was made above, at the beginning. Since this plaint  does not lie for everyone, though he is in possession, we must see for whom the  remedy by assise lies and to whom the plaint belongs, to whom it ought to be made  and when, and in like manner, to whom it does not belong.
[For whom the assise lies.]  It is clear that the plaint lies only for those who hold tenements in their own name,  not in another's,9 whether for life or in fee, [but not for a term of years, though he has  another remedy,] whoever they may be, male or female, of age or below, free or  (depending upon the circumstances) bond, and whether they hold in their own persons  or by a procurator, a household, a farmer, or others, no matter whom, who are in  seisin in their name, since they possess by such persons, for he possesses in whose name  the thing is possessed.10 Hence if one ejects those who are in seisin in the name of their  lords, the assise lies for the lord, not for them, as will be explained below by an example.11  It does not lie for anyone in seisin in the name of another because, though  he is in seisin, he does not possess, as a procurator, a guardian seised by reason of  wardship, a farmer or fructuary seised in the name of his farm, a bondsman, one's own  or another's, a guest or any other person.12 The assise does not lie for such persons  since