to the heir, in demesne or in service, since the reason why he was called heir now  does not exist. Where one first engenders a daughter she may be called the nearer  heir; if a male is born she ceases to be heir. Where a daughter is an only heir and other  daughters are born, she will no longer be such by herself but with the others in common.  Some heirs are near with nearer heirs, as the brother and sister of the father or  mother with the sons and daughters of the father and mother. The sons and daughters  are nearer heirs than the brothers or sisters in the transverse line because they  are in the right line descending from the father or mother, for all heirs in the descending  right line exclude all transverse claimants from the succession.1 There are  near and nearer heirs in the right line descending, as where he from whom the inheritance  descends has several sons; all are near heirs, but the eldest the nearer  because of his age.2 If there is one son and several daughters, [or] several sons and  one daughter, or [several sons and] several daughters, the males will always be near  heirs with the eldest son, the daughters remote heirs.3 If there is no male with the  eldest son, only a daughter or daughters, the daughters will then be near heirs with  the male and the male nearer heir to his ancestor because of his sex.4 If there are  several sons and the descending inheritance is partible, all are nearer heirs by reason  of the inheritance,5 which is capable of division, and if there are daughters they are  near heirs. But if there are none, then the ancestor's brother or sister is a near heir.  If there are several daughters, though the inheritance is not of itself partible, it is  divided nevertheless, because of the daughters, who are, so to speak, a single heir,6  and here each of them is a nearer heir of the ancestor, the ancestor's brother and sister  near heirs. Just as heirs are near and nearer, so they are remote and more remote.  Remote heirs come after near, for example, after brothers and sisters, uncles and  aunts, [after sons and daughters] their sons and7 daughters, that is grandsons and  granddaughters. More remote heirs are their sons and daughters, as greatgrandsons  and greatgranddaughters, and so on, their sons and daughters ad infinitum.8
 It is clear that either sex, age, line, a partible inheritance or a plurality of females  makes heirs nearer heirs, [and the right of succession not the right of blood, as will be  explained below,]10 both with respect to the right and to seisin, because seisin ought  always to follow the right.11 If he who is nearer heir to the ancestor dies, whether he is  nearer by himself or with another, without an heir of his body, his next oldest brother  begins to be nearer heir to the ancestor who is in seisin of the inheritance,12 from  whom the right descends to him.