Of the action of dower and how dower is constituted.
 We have spoken above of acquiring the ownership of things and the causae for acquiring  it, and how things are acquired by the causa of dower1[how dower is constituted,  how assigned to a woman after the death of her husband, from what  things and from what not,] when dower is delivered without dispute. Now we  must explain [what the law is] if it is not delivered and is disputed: how it is to be  recovered by an action of dower. We must [first] see where the action ought to be  brought and determined. It is clear that the action of dower of which the woman has  nothing may only be determined in the court of the lord king. And for this reason,  because if it is objected against a woman claiming dower that she was never joined  in lawful matrimony to the man in whose name she claims, or if two dispute in a  claim of dower as to which of them is his lawful wife, the holding of an inquest ought  to be entrusted to the bishop of the place or other ordinary by the king and by no  other.2 And there may be many other reasons. If she has some part of her dower, it  is not this writ that lies but the writ of right of dower,3 where neither the duel nor  the grand assise nor the essoin of bed-sickness [lies].4 If no part of her dower has been  assigned, the action of dower then lies for her against whomever is in possession,  [that her dower be restored to her with the fruits taken and to be taken in the interim,  from the time of the death of her husband,5 unless he who is in possession has a  valid reason for disputing and resisting, as where he has a warrantor,6 that7 when he  has vouched him and he has lost by judgment escambium may follow.] If there are  several deforciants resident in the same county, all may be joined together in one  writ; if they are in different counties, then let different writs issue, because of the  different counties. The form of the writ is this.
The writ of rightful dower.
 The king to the sheriff, greeting. Order A. rightfully and without delay to restore to  B. who was the wife of C. her rightful dower which falls to her from the free tenement  which belonged to the said C. her late husband in such a vill (if there are several  tenants, then thus: Also order such a one that rightfully etc., and so on, one after  another, so that all who are tenants and resident in the same county be included,  and then) of which she has nothing, as