of king Henry in the county of Derby, [the case] of Agnes the wife of Nicholas.1  And that in this exception, if the parties do not have their suit on the first day, a  reasonable day ought to be given for the production of suit, is proved [in the roll]  of Easter term in the fifteenth year of king Henry in the county of Surrey, [the case]  of Juetta de la Strode.2
The exception that she was never married to such man.
 The writ says, such a one who was the wife of such a one. To which the tenant may  except that she was never his wife because she was never married to him, nor did  he ever have relations with her. [Or] if he did have relations with her, he had her  only as his concubine; [or] if she was married, it was not in lawful matrimony,  because he had earlier married another, de jure, the present claimant being de  facto; or if he had no earlier wife de jure, she still may not claim dower because a  divorce was solemnized between them on the ground of consanguinity, compaternity,  or other affinity.3 [Or] if the marriage was lawful, the woman at that time was of such  tender age that she could not receive a husband, so as to deserve dower.4 [Or] if a  marriage once existed, it ceased to exist because of divorce. [Where there is no  marriage at the outset, there will be no dower; where there is a marriage at the outset,  there will be dower, as long as the marriage lasts, but if there is a divorce, for  whatever reason, dower and the claim of dower cease.]5 [Or] if the marriage was  lawful with respect to the heir and succession to the inheritance,6 nevertheless it will  be unlawful as to the exaction of dower, since dower was constituted elsewhere than  at the church door,7 because of the words in her intentio, and of which she was  endowed at the church door. When this exception is pleaded, that she ought not  to have dower because she was never matrimonially espoused or [joined] in lawful  matrimony to such a one, the man through whom she claims, the inquest cannot and  must not be held in the secular court, since the matter is spiritual. Let the holding of  the inquest therefore be entrusted to the ordinary of the place, the archbishop  or bishop, or to other authorized persons to whom the pope has granted the cognisance  of such matters. But the king will direct a writ only to the archbishop or the  bishop. The form of the writ is this.
The writ for sending an inquest to court christian.
 The king to such an archbishop or bishop, greeting. Know that when A. who was  the wife of B. in our court etc. claimed against C. so much land (or the third part of  so much land) with the appurtenances in such a vill as her dower, of which the said  B. her former husband endowed her at the church door, the same C. came into the  same court and objected that she ought not to have dower because she was never  matrimonially espoused or joined in lawful matrimony to the aforesaid B. And  since cognisance of such matter