the same day. Also the four knights electors, or the twelve knights chosen to make  the grand assise, if proceedings have gone so far. A warrantor must be exacted until  he has warranted. When the essoin of bed-sickness has been so returned, let the  demandant or his essoiner at once have a writ for sending four knights to view the  essoinee, to see whether the infirmity by which he essoined himself is languor or a  passing illness, as will be explained below.]1
How essoins of difficulty in coming are returned.
 They are returned in this way. First let the essoiner be called publicly, thus: Where  is the essoiner of such a one? and afterwards, Where is such a one? that is, the  person against whom the essoin is cast, or his essoiner, if he is essoined. If both are  present, the essoiners will swear to have their warrantors at a certain day,2 the day  being at least fifteen days distant. And what is said of one may be understood of  several if [several] are essoined. When all those whom the cause touches are present,  the same day will be given [to all]. If some have defaulted, let the demandant or his  essoiner be told to await his fourth day against those who have not come, that proceedings  to default may be taken, as will be explained below [of defaults.]3 In returning  an essoin, as above in connexion with essoins of bed-sickness, let all those  whom the matter touches be exacted, as a parcener [and] a warrantor, as above,  and others, recognitors in assises, jurors in juries, inquisitors in inquests, knights in  the making of elections or the knights in grand assises, that they may have the same  day if they are present or be attached [if] they are absent. If some are dead, or  rejected as unsuitable or excused for some reason, let others be put in their places  by whom the business may best be expedited. It does not often happen that such  persons have any essoin or excuse.
Which essoiners will swear and which find pledges.
 Not all essoiners for receiving a day will swear, only those that are beneath the rank  of baron. Barons and baronesses and their superiors, as earls, and their attorneys  will not swear but find pledges.4 And the reason for the difference, so it seems, may  be this, that in warranting an essoin such noble and worthy persons will not take  the oath themselves but by procurators, that is, by their pledges. 5<[Martin in the  Bench in the seventh year].6 And if the baron or