greeting. Summon by good summoners A. B. and C., the witnesses named etc. (as  above) and also eight, knights as well as others etc. (as above) to be present on such a  day etc. to recognise upon their oath together with D. E. and F., the other witnesses  named in the same charter, and [also] eight (or twelve) free and lawful men of such  other county (and so with respect to other counties if witnesses and knights are to be  summoned) to recognise upon their oath etc. (as above).
If the charter is good and so acknowledged but the donor was not compos mentis nor of sound mind when he made that gift.
 And so if the charter is acknowledged, that is, the writing and the seal, but it is excepted  against it that it ought not to avail because it was made while the donor was  incapacitated and of unsound mind, or after he had lost his memory in the illness of  which he died,1 or while the donor was within age, or that the charter was extorted by  force and fear while the donor was held in chains, [that is], where the donor protested  when that became possible.2 And so if the charter was secured by fraud, as where the  donee made himself a charter of feoffment when he ought to have made a chirograph  for a term,
If the charter was made fraudulently, because when it ought to be made for life it was made in fee.
 [or] in fee where it ought to be for life, and the like, [provided there is nothing which  may be imputed to the donor's own inexperience or negligence, as where he had delivered  his seal to his steward, or his wife, when it ought to be guarded more carefully,  since a wife and a seal may be deemed equals,]3 according to the various kinds of  records. He who proffers the charter must then allege and prove the contrary, that is,  that the donor was compos mentis and of good memory, of full age and the like. As an  example, let the inquest be made in each case in the following form.
An inquest as to whether he was of sound mind.
 The king to the sheriff, greeting. Summon by good summoners A. and B., the witnesses  named etc. and in addition eight, knights as well as etc. (as above) to recognise  on their oath whether or not the said C., in his liege power and while he was compos  mentis and of good memory (or sane mind) gave so much land with the appurtenances  in such a vill (or the advowson of such a church or whatever) to the said D.4  and made him his charter thereof, as to which E., the son and heir of the said C.,  against whom the said D. in our court etc. claims the said land (or the said advowson,  or whatever) says that the aforesaid C. his father (or other