thus cannot be bequeathed. Just as they lie for heirs against debtors not for executors,  so they lie for creditors against heirs, not against executors.
Actions cannot be bequeathed.
 That actions cannot be bequeathed, that ecclesiastical judges cannot have cognisance  of them, and that executors cannot claim a debt not acknowledged in the life of the  testator, is proved [in the roll] of Hilary term in the sixth year of king Henry in the  county of Northampton, [the case] of Ralph, parson of Irthlingborough.1 And that  actions cannot be bequeathed or reckoned among the goods of the testator, especially  where the debt is of long standing, is proved [in the roll] of Easter term in the fifteenth  year of king Henry in the county of Essex, [the case] of Gervase of Aldermannebury.2  To the same effect is a case of Easter term in the sixteenth year of king Henry in the  county of Southampton, that of Engelard de Cigony.3
A prohibition does not lie in a testamentary cause.
 A prohibition does not lie in a testamentary cause if chattels are bequeathed and an  action is brought for them in the ecclesiastical forum; nor if houses or buildings in  cities and boroughs, which are the testator's acquisitions, are bequeathed since they  are, so to speak, the testator's chattels.4 It is otherwise in some places if they come  through descent, as in the city of London, where a prohibition lies if an action is  brought.5 A prohibition does not lie if the usufruct of land is bequeathed, as where  a testator holds for a term of years and bequeaths the usufruct, for a usufruct is  reckoned as a chattel, the tenement remaining unchanged in character as a lay fee.  But when land is so given to another for a term, we must see whether it is given to the  testator only or to the testator and his heirs. If to the testator only, he may give it  in his lifetime or bequeath it at his death without prejudice to his heirs;6 if to him  and his7 heirs, he may not, unless he gives it in his lifetime, where his heirs are bound  to warrant. And so if he bequeaths it specifically; if he makes no mention of it, the  usufruct passes to his heirs.
If by his own act he is made subject to the other jurisdiction.
 A prohibition does not lie where one by his own act and consent is made subject to  the other jurisdiction, [that is, so far as he himself is concerned, but not with respect  to the king, to whom the jurisdiction belongs, in accordance with what was said  above,]