is partible among the several co-heirs who descend from the same stock, and has  always been divided from ancient times. There may be several co-heir parcener demandants  and several co-heir parcener tenants, or one [co-heir parcener] demandant  by himself and several tenant parceners, or one.1 [There may be] several co-heirs who  hold nothing, neither in purparty nor in compensation, others who hold in purparty,  and others in compensation for their share. There may be several parcener demandants2  or several tenants who are complete strangers to one another; not co-heirs but  parceners, as neighbours. Several demandant parceners, or one by himself [may  claim] the whole inheritance, whether it includes several manors or not, or part of it,3  either against several parceners, [co-heirs] or strangers, or against one or two of  them, or4 a stranger non-parcener. When there are several demandants, co-heir  parceners or parceners who are not co-heirs, all who claim and ought to take [part]  of the thing claimed must be named in the writ. [But] when the tenant excepts in  these words, Brother I am not bound to reply to this writ because if you have a right  you have parceners who have as much right in the thing as you yourself, namely A.  and B., the demandant may reply and say that all who can claim any right in5 the  tenement claimed or take part6 of the thing claimed, are named in the writ, and that  no right belongs to either A. or B. so as to make them parceners, because A. is a  bastard and B. is the offspring of a villein, though of a free woman parcener married  to him.7 Hence A. can never take because he is a bastard, nor can B. since he is the  offspring of a villein. Nor may the woman parcener claim at this time, since she is  married to a villein.8 [Or] she cannot take part of the thing claimed because she holds  part of the common inheritance in maritagium and is unwilling to put her maritagium  into the pot, that9 she may have the whole of her portion of the common inheritance.10
That the parcener is in the allegiance of the king of France.
 [The demandant] may also answer that the parcener mentioned can take nothing  since he is in allegiance of the king of France,11 and therefore can take nothing until  he is made a liege of the king of England and the lands are common, and therefore he  need not be named in the writ. [Or] that the parcener who is not named or one of his  ancestors committed felony, so that he cannot be