wherever he is in the kingdom within the four seas, because any one impleaded ought  to have a summons of at least fifteen days, which may be called a rightful summons,  nor is anyone granted a chirograph on the first day of the suit, but he will have another  day, fifteen days later at least, for taking his chirograph, so that within the whole of  that period he who has a right may put in his claim. Where? It is clear that it must  be in the king's court at the time of the suit or before judgment.
Who is prejudiced when no claim was put in.
 Who is prejudiced? It is clear that it is he as to whose right the action is brought and  his heirs descending from him ad infinitum.
Excuses for not putting in a claim.
 He who has not put forward his claim may be excused in many ways, as where, at  the time the fine and chirograph are made, the demandant, or his ancestor who ought  to have put in the claim, was under age, [And the same ought to be [observed] with  respect to the right of a church by analogy.]1 [or] was then a madman or non compos  mentis and of unsound mind, because in many ways a minor and a madman are considered  equals or not very different,2 because they lack reason, which could be said  of others, as idiots and those born deaf and dumb and the like. But we must see  whether they are excused forever or only for a time, that is, until3 the minor has  reached full age or the madman has become sane, and are then bound to do what they  could not do while they were under age or insane, so that if they are silent they are  prejudiced thereby, for some say that unless the minor puts forward4 his claim within  a year after he has reached full age, his minority will not excuse him. But in truth he  is excused forever, because a claim ought to be made or not made at the time of the  suit, during the proceeding and before judgment rendered; while the case is pending,5  because after judgment or delivery of the chirograph it is of no avail though it is  put in.67<The same ought to be observed, as is evident, with respect to the right and  fee of a church, if the rector has not put in a claim, that the church is not prejudiced,  since it has the status of a minor, no more than a minor is prejudiced if his guardian  does not put in a claim.>
He is excused if he was then in prison.
 One is also excused for not making his claim if at the time of the suit he is held in  prison so that he can neither come nor send, which