For whom the actio iniuriarum lies and against whom.
 1The action lies for him who has suffered the affront or injuria against him who  perpetrated it, who beat, struck and mistreated.2 In it the judge will condemn the  wrongdoer to pay a sum as large as that for which the plaintiff has said he would  not have suffered the harm,3 the judge however taxing the amount.
For whom the actio quod metus causa lies and against whom.
 4The action quod metus causa lies for one who has transferred, sold or promised his  property when under reasonable apprehension of harm, and lies against him who  induced such apprehension. It is called reasonable apprehension because it must  be such as might occur in a resolute, not in a timid man.5 The action de dolo is  available to him against whom a fraud was perpetrated. The action or interdict  unde vi, according as it is double, that is, recuperatory and penal, lies for one  forcibly ejected against the person who forcibly ejected him for recovering the  possession of the immovable from which he was ejected, [in which case it is double  in the person of the ejector, as will be explained below in [the portion on] the assise  of novel disseisin,]6 [and for a penalty], in the computation of which neither death  nor accident excuses the ejector.7
For whom the interdict quod vi aut clam lies and against whom.
 8The action or interdict quod vi aut clam lies against him who has built or destroyed  a new work on another's land or estate clandestinely, so as to avoid being prohibited  from so doing.9 By this action he who built or destroyed will be compelled to  restore what he has done to its original state at his own expense, that the thing  may once more be as it was and ought to be.10 These actions or interdicts are not  available to heirs nor do they lie against heirs, [that is], to the extent that they are  penal, but to the extent that they are restitutory they do lie against them.11
For whom the interdict de itinere actuque privato lies and against whom.
 12The action or interdict of private right of way or carriage is given against those  who wrongfully prevent another from using his servitude. 13For the praetor says,  I prohibit the use of force to prevent the enjoyment of a private right of way or  carriage which the other party has used this year neither by force nor by stealth  nor by leave or license.14 All these interdicts arise ex maleficio.
Of the interdict quorum bonorum.
 15The interdict or action quorum bonorum,16 which does not arise ex maleficio but  quasi ex contractu, is given to the nearer heirs on the seisin of an ancestor and lies  against any who possess.
If several actions are available for the same thing and one has been chosen.17
 18Of civil actions in rem some are on the possession,